In-group, or out-group?8. August 2019
[Picture : By Artefotograf – Own work, under CC BY-SA 4.0]
It is far from clear to us why we like people or not. Whether it’s people from private life or people you meet in sports or in professional life, you put these people in a category and thus unconsciously makes a certain judgment, which can sometimes be positive and sometimes negative. And I do not mean now the famous “chemistry” between people, which sets in at the first meeting, but rather I mean a kind of judgment that develops purely out of belonging to a group (“Ingroup – Outgroup bias”, Tajfel 1970) )
It is true that, according to Gordon Allport, during our socialization, we have learned to categorize incidents, objects, and persons, and our thinking depends on them. In large organizations, therefore, the clear distinction between different functions and their breakdown into manageable team sizes in the form of departments is an effective means of creating and maintaining structure and order.
However, I have recently noticed that such a division of an organizational structure may also be detrimental if the clearly separated departments have similar roles and responsibilities. In such a case the affected person or the viewer is not immediately aware of the true reason for a separation – and thus he lacks the necessary rational explanation and justification. The person concerned begins to ask himself why such a separation exists. The non-answering of this question can possibly cause toxic-worry.
Assuming in addition that openness, affection and trust are reserved for the members of one’s own group, the separation of the areas results in an in-group out-group situation, in which the members of the “foreign group” automatically experience devaluation. And that happens unconsciously, without you having to know the affected person. From my perspective it would be good to avoid this situation by clear and comprehensive organizational structures and adequate communication.
Of course this is my personal approach and I would be pleased to hear your opinion on this topic. Just let me know by commenting on the article
Well then, hope this is helpful
CU next time